Add a bookmarkAdd and edit notesShare this commentary

Exodus 6:14-25 meaning

A genealogy is given.

Verses 14 - 25 seem out of place. In the midst of the LORD reassuring and re-commissioning Moses for the task at hand, this genealogy initially seems to out of place. A closer look, however, reveals an apparent point of validating Moses' and Aaron's link to the priestly line through Levi. This would link the command of verse 13 for Moses and Aaron to intercede for Israel before Pharaoh to their connection with the lineage of priests, whose job was to intercede before God for Israel.

In verse 14, These are the heads of their fathers' households begins another section which ends in verse 25. The phrase "fathers' households" is literally "the house of their fathers," and it refers to a family descended from a single ancestor. In other words, it frequently indicates an extended family within a tribe, or a clan that is a sub-division of a tribe.

This genealogy is primarily concerned with six generations of the tribe of Levi. It starts in verse 14 with mentioning four sons of Reuben, the first-born of Jacob by his first wife Leah (Genesis 29:32). Then in verse 15 it lists the sons of Simeon, Leah's second son . It does not mention any of the other sons of Jacob except Levi, the third son of Leah.

The first two sons of Jacob having been described, the rest of the section concerns the third son of Jacob - Levi. It lists the sons of Levi (Gershon, Kohath, and Marari) and their descendants. Among the descendants of Kohath were Aaron and Moses. It is interesting that this genealogy does not list the sons of Moses, but it does mention the sons of Aaron. It also includes one grandson of Aaron, Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, son of Aaron.

Aaron was assigned a priestly function to speak for Moses before Pharaoh when Moses objected to God using him due to his halting speech. This further supports the notion that the focus here is upon the priestly lineage. Perhaps the idea is that the LORD, the I Am, Creator and Sustainer of all that is, established Moses and Aaron to provide a bridge to relate to Him, and that bridge continues on through their lineage. This story of deliverance is not just history. This story establishes a continuing covenant relationship.

The point of the genealogy seems to be to validate Moses' and Aaron's link to the priestly line, and to establish Aaron as the line for the priests (which we will see appointed in chapter 28). Also, they were the ones chosen by the LORD to receive His revelation and be His spokesmen to His people and to Pharaoh. The confrontation between Moses and Pharaoh was about to begin, and Moses and Aaron would have numerous messages from the LORD to Pharaoh.


Select Language
AaSelect font sizeDark ModeSet to dark mode
This website uses cookies to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalized content. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies as described in our Privacy Policy.